Indian spices are not just an ingredient as they add flavor as well as aroma to the food. These spices include a large variety of herbs that are grown across the Indian subcontinent (South Asia). Due to different climatic conditions across the country, India produces a variety of spices while others are imported from countries having similar climates. Indian spices like cardamom, ginger, mint and parsley are widely used for preparing different dishes of Indian cuisine. These spices are also used for flavoring foods and medicines in pharmaceutical, perfumery and cosmetics.
These spices are also an indispensable part of Indian economy as India produces 75 types of spices out of the 109 listed with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Even in the ancient and medieval ages, Indian spices played a significant role in strengthening the economic conditions.
Earlier, the Indian spices were traded to Rome and China and later, the Spices Board of India was set up to administer the spice trading. States like Kerala, Punjab, Gujarat, Manipur, Mizoram and Uttar Pradesh are considered as the hub for growing spices.